As moodle is open source and have full features which are required to run a digital education platform,
- WEB platform [online]
- Mobile App platform [offline suppport]
- Desktop APp as well [offline support]
there are 1000 of plugin base, an active community, 6 monthly updates so much…..
It is just we have to host it somewhere, and we are ready for the digital education environment.
and if you have a little bit of technical background, you can opt for free cloud service with major cloud provider, and this is all which is required.
Case is not like this, however, this is good for your testing lab .
In a production environment, there is a lot of things that need to be done.
Moodle also provides a hosting plan (https://moodlecloud.com/) . and you can see the cost for the running platforms.
When you actively use a system, whether for small scale or large scale, if this is adding the value in your objective/business, then, keeping the system healthy and running become a need.
so let me share the cost that may hit you for running the moodle system as your own.
I am dividing it into 3 parts. I am not including any human effort for setting and managing this platform. This cost is just about machine or hosting.
- Domain name
- SSL certificate [optional, but required for many features like the app, audio/video recording, payment]
- Computing Cost [ assuming app and Database are on the same machine]
- Storage Cost
- Backup Cost
- Outbound Data transfer [bandwidth utilization cost]
- Email Service [may be the very first thing to do after setup]
- Any third party paid service, like zoom or bigbluebutton
- any paid theme
- any paid plugin that you want to use
- any monitoring tool
- notification service for mobile
- Cost of CDN [content delivery network] to optimize the performance
- Cost of Performance monitoring tools
- Cost of Caching servers etc.
Core services are required to run the platform. Others are optional and this is just about moodle platform.
So you may be thinking about the amount or the numbers.
Cost Matrix for Core service
I am assuming that we are on a paid AWS account. So let’s calculate it for the core services. This is just a rough idea
Assumption: site-size : 100 GB, active userbase : ~500
|Cost Matrix||approx only||Supported User base|
|Domain||~ 10-15 $|
|SSL certifcate (*)||~ 200-300 $|
|Compute||~45$||(t2.medium)||~ 250-750 active users, concurrent active ~100|
|Database||~70$||(t2.medium)||~ 250-750 active users, concurrent active ~100|
|Storage : Active||~.12$ /GB|
= 12$ /100 GB
.09*100GB = 9$
|roughly calculation : (course size * active enrolledusers)|
let’s assume for site size
|depend upon storage, let’s assume, we are following gold, silver, bronze policy. 7 days, 4 weekly, 12 monthly, 1 yearly|
you can say that the bill will be around 150 $ / month to keep running your platform.
Bandwidth cost is so dynamic that, let’s say you upload a video of 100 MB which is on a public page (can be viewed by without login). and it was seen by 10000 people. one person one time. then the cost for this video may be around : (10000 user * 100 MB ) *(.09/1024 MB) = 9 $
9 $ for one video of 100 MB for 10000 serving
Digital Content plays a key role in LMS. this is why Moodle has caps on it. even for the biggest plan, they allow only 1 GB of storage. Less storage, less distribution of content, less bandwidth utilization.
Disclaimer: the above values are rough figure only. Even the load matrix are kept by putting jmeter load test on a good course for the active numbers. the variation is because of rampup time and the activity of moodle. viewing course and attending quiz are just pole apart. However this will give you brief idea of cost and the factors affecting cost.
there are a lot of things that can be done to optimize the cost of the running platform. I will share that in another thread.